Slashdot recently had a listing about a new anti-freeze molecule that has recently been found in the Alaskan beetle, Upis ceramboides. Anti-freeze molecules have been observed in a variety of plants and animals that help them resist damage from the formation of ice crystals in their tissues. All previous anti-freeze molecules have been proteins, but this new one is a sugar. It may also have a lipid component, but that isn't clear.
Research Article: A nonprotein thermal hysteresis-producing xylomannan antifreeze in the freeze-tolerant Alaskan beetle Upis ceramboides